It is time to say goodbye to using glyphosate and Roundup. The amount of evidence of how harmful it is is mounting. Here is a short summary (16 pages) of what we know about glyphosate today. And here is a 96-page summary of scientific independent studies and reports on glyphosate with references. Here is a link to an article that lists 40 studies done on rodents, and here are around 118 other studies. On documentcloud.org you can search for documents that have been uploaded by journalists and other organizations that do research. Click here for glyphosate related documents.
The main problem for us today is that glyphosate is in the food that most of us eat daily. You can reduce the exposure by changing to organic food. The most important ingredients to change are grains, soy and corn. Here is a map showing where glyphosate is applied the most. Not all areas have data.
A quick note about how dangerous pesticides are in these two articles linked from this article.
Ryan Rifai, “UN: 200,000 die each year from pesticide poisoning,” Al-Jazeera, March 8, 2017, at http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/03/200000-die-year-pesticide-poisoning-170308140641105.html.
Even the somewhat sexist Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF) stated almost five years ago that “pesticides and harmful chemicals cause more than 900,000 deaths annually.” See WECF, “Pesticides and harmful chemicals cause more than 900,000 deaths annually,” WECF website, Oct. 10, 2012, at http://www.wecf.eu/english/articles/2012/10/pesticides-africa.php.
We have also learned through one court case that Monsanto and a senior EPA official were working together to stop an investigation about how dangerous glyphosate is. Of course, that is not evidence that glyphosate is dangerous, but it certainly doesn’t contribute to the public opinion of Monsanto or their products.
In February 2017 a court ruled against Monsanto to allow California to put cancer warning on Roundup. And on June 27th it was final. More information here. This happened because IARC made the decision to go public with their findings about glyphosate. Monsanto is now working overtime to turn the IARC decision that Roudup is a probable carcinogen through their PR organization CAPHR (Campaign for Accuracy in Public Health Research). One article is here.
Read more about cover-up further down.
U.N. experts have denounced the myth that we need pesticides and herbicides to feed the worlds population. The developments in agroecology has come so far that we can replace chemicals with biology, making it possible to grow enough food on this planet to nourish the worlds population without pesticides.
Scientists are warning that with the current soil degradation, we might have only 60 years left of farming the way we know it today.
A few links about why it is important what you eat:
Glyphosate: Why Eating Organic Really Does Matter.
How GMO Farming and Food Is Making Our Gut Flora UNFRIENDLY.
There are also strong push from consumers to mark all products to know what is inside. Glyphosate Residue Free Certification Creates New Transparency Shift for US Consumers. In many cities and counties there are now actions taken to stop the use of glyphosate based herbicides. San Clemente Creates Commission to Consider Curbing Herbicide Use. In general organic food is more nutritious and Harvard’s School of Public Health Urges Eating Organic.
Herbicides like glyphosate/Roundup was introduced to increase yields. However, there is no scientific research that support that. In fact, Burkina Faso experienced the opposite. African Country Ditches GE Cotton, Non-GMO Cotton Output Rises 20 Percent.
Many weeds are becoming increasingly resistant to glyphosate/Roundup. Which means you are spraying something that might be useless around your home, but can be dangerous to yourself, your loved ones and other beings.
However, for the agriculture business it is much worse. Most farmers today totally rely on Roundup in their farming practice, and it will normally take about three to five years to change over to an organic farm. This is where the agriculture subsidies should go. Not to buy pesticides (herbicides, insecticides etc.)
Alternatives to Roundup
The best solution is to make the soil healthy. I would contact an expert. The city of Irvine changed from using glyphosate based products to an organic non-toxic approach and they got in an expert that taught how to manage their parks and other areas. Integrated pest management (IPM) is important in this regard. If it looks different from grass, it doesn’t mean it is a weed. Myths: Busted–Clearing Up the Misunderstandings about Organic Farming
There are some alternatives that can be used. They might not kill the root, but they will kill the leaves. Mostly people are using vinegar (20%, regular is 7%), certain soaps and/or essential oils like citrus oil. Some have found that a mixture of these are more effective.
Look for products that are “OMRI listed” or “USDA Organic” (or other certification icons.) Please read the labels on how to handle any of these products.
AllDown This you need to be careful about. It is 23% vinegar.
How to get Roundup out of our communities
The City of Irvine (I will use them as an example) have changed to a non-toxic approach. Sonoma County, CA is also considering their use of herbicides.
The web site for Non Toxic Irvine. The group that started the change. They have a lot of resources on how you can work on cleaning up your city or community.
The film below will go through many of the arguments on this page, but it will not show the sources. However, here is a report on scientific research that we currently have on glyphosate/Roundup.
How to protect yourself from glyphosate
Difference between Glyphosate and Roundup
It is important to differentiate between glyphosate and Roundup in a discussion about health concerns. Glyphosate seems to be less harmful than Roundup in most tests.
Research released ahead of print and published in the journal Archives of Toxicology indicates that Roundup, the most common formulation of the herbicide glyphosate, is not only more toxic than its constituent ingredients, but is capable of damaging DNA within a human cell line when diluted down to 450-fold lower concentrations than presently used in GMO agricultural applications. In the researchers’ own words, Roundup has “genotoxic effects after short exposure to concentrations that correspond to a 450-fold dilution of spraying used in agriculture.”
Here is a report about “Differential Effects of Glyphosate and Roundup on Human Placental Cells and Aromatase“.
“Roundup is always more toxic than its active ingredient. We tested the effects of glyphosate and Roundup at lower nontoxic concentrations on aromatase, the enzyme responsible for estrogen synthesis. The glyphosate-based herbicide disrupts aromatase activity and mRNA levels and interacts with the active site of the purified enzyme, but the effects of glyphosate are facilitated by the Roundup formulation in microsomes or in cell culture. We conclude that endocrine and toxic effects of Roundup, not just glyphosate, can be observed in mammals. We suggest that the presence of Roundup adjuvants enhances glyphosate bioavailability and/or bioaccumulation.”
Glyphosate in human beings
There is no doubt that if you are living in the U.S. there is a 90+% chance that you have glyphosate in your body. Many people will not be affected or believe they are affected by it.
We will take a look at some research to see where the exposure comes from and what effects it has on human cells and your body.
How are we exposed to glyphosate?
Most of us are exposed from the food we eat and the water we drink. Others are exposed directly from spraying it in their gardens/farms or from their pets walking through it.
However, a study done in Mississippi and Iowa (partially Indiana) during growing season, showed 60-100% of the samples contained glyphosate. Rain can effectively remove it from the air, but then it will be in the water.
Testing of groundwater in Catalonia, Spain showed that 41% of 140 groundwater tests showed very high levels of contamination. Which again indicates that Roundup/glyphosate does NOT break down as easily in nature as we have been told.
What most people doesn’t know is that glyphosate is being used as a ripening agent (desiccant) just before harvesting. This means there is residue of glyphosate on the food that we buy. EPA have approved it for use on 161 products. However, I have not been able to find that list.
A lab test of ten California wines concluded they all contained trace amounts of the active ingredient from some weed-killers, glyphosate. Whether that is cause for concern is a matter of great dispute. We know how important this issue is to so many people, so we traveled to St.
How glyphosate is being promoted to farmers:
What effects does glyphosate or Roundup have on human beings?
Research published in 2012 shows that Roundup diluted 450 times compared to GMO agricultural application, will harm human DNA. Of course, you will say that our body can fix itself. That is true, but it depends on the scale of harm it is exposed to and what environment you are in. You can fall down a ladder, but the outcome depends on how you land.
People that is directly exposed to glyphosate can have severe respiratory symptoms as this report from North-Carolina and Iowa shows. Keep in mind that we are talking about farmers that are using it on their farms and are exposed to higher dosages than regular home users. However, do we want our farmers to become sick?
Testing done on rats in Brazil in 2003 showed increased risk of teratogenicity (skeletal alterations on fetuses). This is likely to happen to humans as well if we get exposed to high doses of Roundup.
In France in 2009 they did tests on human cells to see if diluted glyphosate and Roundup would kill them. It did.
Here is from a report by Céline Gasnier, Coralie Dumont, Nora Benachour, Emilie Clair, Marie-Christine Chagnon, Gilles-Eric Séralini on “Glyphosate-based herbicides are toxic and endocrine disruptors in human cell lines“.
Glyphosate-based herbicides are the most widely used across the world; they are commercialized in different formulations. Their residues are frequent pollutants in the environment. In addition, these herbicides are spread on most eaten transgenic plants, modified to tolerate high levels of these compounds in their cells. Up to 400 ppm of their residues are accepted in some feed. We exposed human liver HepG2 cells, a well-known model to study xenobiotic toxicity, to four different formulations and to glyphosate, which is usually tested alone in chronic in vivo regulatory studies. We measured cytotoxicity with three assays (Alamar Blue®, MTT, ToxiLight®), plus genotoxicity (comet assay), anti-estrogenic (on ER,ER) and anti-androgenic effects (on AR) using gene reporter tests. We also checked androgen to estrogen conversion by aromatase activity and mRNA. All parameters were disrupted at sub-agricultural doses with all formulations within 24 h. These effects were more dependent on the formulation than on the glyphosate concentration. First, we observed a human cell endocrine disruption from 0.5 ppm on the androgen receptor in MDA-MB453-kb2 cells for the most active formulation (R400), then from 2 ppm the transcriptional activities on both estrogen receptors were also inhibited on HepG2. Aromatase transcription and activity were disrupted from 10 ppm. Cytotoxic effects started at 10 ppm with Alamar Blue assay (the most sensitive), and DNA damages at 5 ppm. A real cell impact of glyphosate-based herbicides residues in food, feed or in the environment has thus to be considered, and their classifications as carcinogens/mutagens/reprotoxics is discussed.
© 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
Human Breast Milk Found Unsafe – High Levels of Glyphosate
Glyphosate Herbicide Found in Urine of 93% of Americans
Diseases and medical problems
People using glyphosate or are exposed to it in other ways, can get non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma cancer etc. There are also studies that suggest glyphosate causes non-alcoholic liver disease, autoimmune diseases etc. At the moment it is not decided in the U.S. that glyphosate or Roundup is the cause for cancer.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
“Twenty-five percent of the U.S. population suffers from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Risk factors include obesity, diabetes, and high blood fat levels. But there are risk factors for the disease that have not yet been identified, and it’s possible that exposure to Roundup could be one such missing risk factor.”
Breaking: New Independent Study Shows that Monsanto’s Weedkiller Roundup Causes Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease at Very Low Doses
Mesnage R, Renney G, Séralini GE, Ward M, Antoniou MN. Multiomics reveal non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in rats following chronic exposure to an ultra-low dose of Roundup herbicide. Scientific Reports, 2016; 6:39328. http://www.nature.com/articles/srep39328
Triggering autoimmune disease
Glyphosate destroys the gut and triggers autoimmune disease — Health & Wellness — Sott.net
Glyphosate and Autism
The studies below need more evaluation to make sure they are accurate. However, they might be an indication that we are not dealing with autism, but symptoms caused by microbial imbalance in the intestines.
Study: Reducing Herbicide Glyphosate in Diet Reduces Autism Symptoms
Elevated Urinary Glyphosate and Clostridia Metabolites With Altered Dopamine Metabolism in Triplets With Autistic Spectrum Disorder
On this topic we need to take a look at GMO corn as well as that does contain glyphosate or Roundup. There have been done some studies in Europe that showed a high risk of certain types of cancers. The development of cancer happens over time. One study by Dr. Seraline was retracted. Not because the testing was done wrong, but because an ex-Monsanto employee became the editor for the journal. Officially it was because the review panel thought they had used too few animals and they had used Sprague–Dawley rats. You can read some of the results here. However, the study has been republished later in other publications.
One study looked at how glyphosate can drive breast cancer proliferation.
Research done in Italy indicates that there is a higher risk for children to develop leukemia when living near arable crops. This study does not talk explicitly about glyphosate, but it is one of the toxins used. The number of children was too low to have a definite answer, but high enough that more investigation is advised. “RESULTS: Childhood leukemia risk did not increase in relation with any of the crop types with the exception of arable crops, characterized by the use of 2.4-D, MCPA, glyphosate, dicamba, triazine and cypermethrin. The very few children (n=11) residing close to arable crops had an OR for childhood leukemia of 2.04 (95% CI 0.50-8.35), and such excess risk was further enhanced among children aged<5 years.”
Glyphosate herbicides have been used in self-poisonings and many deaths have occurred, especially in Asia, from as little as 3/4 of a cup of formulated product.
High levels of glyphosate in breast milk. The number of women in this study is very low, but I found it worth adding since it indicate that glyphosate is bio-accumulative, meaning that it builds up in the body.
Glyphosate in soil and water
Impact on the soil
“New research indicates that Roundup is having a negative impact on the microdiversity of the soil, including microorganisms of food interest, and specifically those found in raw and fermented foods.”
There is one study in France that indicate that not all parts of Roundup are broken down, and that one glyphosate metabolite (aminomethylphosphonic acid) accumulates in the soil. As a result the soil might become less sustainable over time.
“Glyphosate applied to GR soybean, regardless of cultivar, negatively impacts the complex interactions of microbial groups, biochemical activity and root growth that can have subsequent detrimental effects on plant growth and productivity.”Jan 01, 2011
Earthworms avoid glyphosate-based herbicide. Feb 01, 2004
Impact on water
Glyphosate persistence in seawater was tested in Australia in 2014. Abstract: “Glyphosate is one of the most widely applied herbicides globally but its persistence in seawater has not been reported. Here we quantify the biodegradation of glyphosate using standard ‘‘simulation’’ flask tests with native bacterial populations and coastal seawater from the Great Barrier Reef. The half-life for glyphosate at 25°C in low-light was 47 days, extending to 267 days in the dark at 25°C and 315 days in the dark at 31°C, which is the longest persistence reported for this herbicide. AMPA, the microbial transformation product of glyphosate, was detected under all conditions, confirming that degradation was mediated by the native microbial community. This study demonstrates glyphosate is moderately persistent in the marine water under low light conditions and is highly persistent in the dark. Little degradation would be expected during flood plumes in the tropics, which could potentially deliver dissolved and sediment-bound glyphosate far from shore.
Counties, cities and schools that use organic methods
Marin county, CA
Santa Barbara, CA
Santa Cruz, CA
K-8 CT state schools
K-12 NY state schools
Philips Andover Academy, NH
Granby, Essex, Cheshire and Plainville, CT
Wichita and Lawrence, KS
Seattle Park and Recreation Dept.
Evergreen State College
Chariho Soccer Fields, Hope Valley, RI
Newton, Marblehead and Wellesley, MA
Mankato Schools, MN
Politicians and Monsanto
The spending bill that was passed this spring (2017), included a provision to promote GE (Genetically Engineered) crops. It is supposed to promote GE crops based on scientific based information based on nutrition, environmental impact, food safety, economic, and humanitarian impacts. If that is true, it will fail on all accounts and the government have wasted $3 million. Scientist’s ground-breaking research uncovers new risks of GMOs, glyphosate.
Exerpts from this article: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/healthline-/does-roundup-cause-cancer_b_11822264.html
“Clinton’s relationship with Monsanto dates back to when she worked at the Rose Law Firm in Arkansas, where Monsanto was a client.
Monsanto reportedly gave between $500,000 and $1 million to the Clinton Foundation, which has been in the news this week after critics said the organization traded donations for access to the State Department.”
“His (Donald Trump) reported stock holdings in the company may or may not have influenced him to delete a tweet that slammed Monsanto.”
Open letter to the Grocery Manufacturers Association, Dr. Nancy Swanson
A little history: The poisoning of our food supply
EPA had a hearing in Sacramento, CA about the safety level of glyphosate.
There are now mounting evidence that Monsanto has been working with government agencies and other organizations to cover up how dangerous glyphosate is.
Looks like Monsanto has taken over the USDA too. USDA Drops Plan To Test For Monsanto Weed Killer In Food.
Then there are a couple of articles by New York Times about how agriculture chemical companies influence the scientific research. The articles takes on Syngenta, but in the articlse they argue that this is common for all the big companies. Including Monsanto.
Fact-Checking a Claim About a Weed Killer. This study is about paraquat.
The Swamp, an article by Evaggelos Vallianatos sheds light on the testing of pesticides that was done by Industrial Biotest headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois.
One paragraph from the article: “Roundup is a carcinogen. It includes glyphosate, carcinogens like formaldehyde, and other chemicals, some of which may be more toxic than the IBT-tested glyphosate. The pesticides law classifies these toxic materials as “inerts.”
Then we have the EU failing to ban glyphosate: EU authorities broke their own rules and brushed aside evidence of cancer to keep glyphosate on the market
Looks like Monsanto is trying to scare people from supporting organizations that are against glyphosate and other pesticides: https://www.march-against-monsanto.com/breaking-news-personal-information-of-millions-at-risk-as-monsanto-hits-activist-group-with-court-subpoena/
Never heard about Codex Alimentarius and Monsanto’s Toxic Relations? I hadn’t either until I read about their ties.
Distribution of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in
agricultural topsoils of the European Union
Reuters.com, 4/28/2017: Crushing blow to soy processors as Chinese grow wary on GMO
Sri Lanka was the first country to ban it completely, although that ban may be partially relaxed. The European Union has extended approval for glyphosate for only 18 months instead of the usual 15 years, has banned the use of the surfactant POEA in formulations, and proposed minimised preharvest use and use in public places. The European Food Safety Authority stated that there are so many data gaps for POEA that establishing acceptable exposure limits is impossible. Italy has also banned the preharvest use of glyphosate, its use in public places and those frequented by children and the elderly, and non-agricultural use on soils with high sand content to reduce the potential for contamination of groundwater.
Debate over glyphosate rages in South Africa. Cancer rates up from 1 in a 1000 to 1 in 3.
There is a web site that have gathered information about glyphosate and material that you can use to get informed and take action. Here is a link to their Glyphosate Toolkit. There are links to documents in this document. If you can’t find it, send me an email and I will send you the documents that I have. They have also created a library of documents that you can study. MomsacrossAmerica.org are also working to remove glyphosate from schools and public areas. They also have information and action items.
NontoxicIrvine.com has information about what can be used instead of glyphosate and other toxins. They can also give information on how to form a group to stop the use of glyphosate in your community.
California is explicitly preempting local authority on pesticides. This prohibit counties and cities from restricting glyphosate on a local level. In other words, we need to change the state law. In 2008, California State Assemblywomen Fiona Ma introduced AB977 to overturn the California state law that prohibits the restriction of pesticides by local jurisdictions. However, it did not receive 2/3 of the votes.
Contacts in California:
State Pesticide Agency:
California Department of Pesticide Regulation
Brian Leahy, Director
1001 I Street, PO Box 4015
Sacramento, CA 95812-4015
Telephone: (916) 445-4000
State Health Agency:
California Health and Human Services
1600 Ninth Street, Room 460
Sacramento, CA 95814
Telephone: (916) 654-3454
State Education Agency:
California Department of Education
School and District Operations Branch
Facilities Planning Division
1430 N Street, Suite 1201
Sacramento, CA 95814
Telephone: (916) 322-2470
Need to be categorized and further examination
The Importance of Testing for Glyphosate: The World’s Most Widely Used Herbicide — The Great Plains Laboratory, Inc.
BY WILLIAM SHAW, PHD, AND MATTHEW PRATT-HYATT, PHD
DIRECTOR AND ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF THE GREAT PLAINS LABORATORY, INC. – PUBLISHED IN THE JANUARY 2017 ISSUE OF TOWNSEND LETTER
ALERT: Certified Organic Food Grown in U.S. Found Contaminated with Glyphosate Herbicide
“Thus we have perhaps the most acutely toxic element of the GMO industry, glyphosate, being spread around on non-GMO crops. So much for labeling. Even USDA certified organic grains like oats and wheat have been found to be contaminated with glyphosate.”
Articles and claims that need more research:
MIT Researcher: Glyphosate Herbicide will Cause Half of All Children to Have Autism by 2025
Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff published as study titled: Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases II: Celiac sprue and gluten intolerance in Interdiscip Toxicol. 2013; Vol. 6 (4): 159–184. They produced the following chart showing a correlation between glyphosate use on wheat and Celiac disease: – See more at: http://healthytraditions.com/glyphosate-tested/#sthash.53t2TrPk.dpuf
Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. Huber about Glyphosate – YouTube